Sunday, May 24, 2020

How to Make a Red Cabbage pH Indicator

Make your own pH indicator solution. Red cabbage juice contains a natural pH indicator that changes colors according to the acidity of the solution. Red cabbage juice indicators are easy to make, exhibit a wide range of colors, and can be used to make your own pH paper strips. Cabbage pH Indicator Basics Red cabbage contains a pigment molecule called flavin (an anthocyanin). This water-soluble pigment is also found in apple skins, plums, poppies, cornflowers, and grapes. Very acidic solutions will turn anthocyanin into a red color. Neutral solutions result in a purplish color. Basic solutions appear in greenish-yellow. Therefore, you can determine the pH of a solution based on the color that it turns the anthocyanin pigments in red cabbage juice. The color of the juice changes in response to changes in its hydrogen ion concentration; pH is the -log[H]. Acids will donate hydrogen ions in an aqueous solution and have a low pH (pH 7). Materials You Will Need Red cabbageBlender or knifeBoiling waterFilter paper (coffee filters work well)One large glass beaker or another glass containerSix 250 mL beakers or other small glass containersHousehold ammonia (NH3)Baking soda (sodium bicarbonate, NaHCO3)Washing soda (sodium carbonate, Na2CO3)Lemon juice (citric acid, C6H8O7)Vinegar (acetic acid, CH3COOH)Cream of tartar (potassium bitartrate, KHC4H4O6)Antacids (calcium carbonate, calcium hydroxide, magnesium hydroxide)Seltzer water (carbonic acid, H2CO3)Muriatic acid or masonrys cleaner (hydrochloric acid, HCl)Lye (potassium hydroxide, KOH or sodium hydroxide, NaOH) Procedure Chop the cabbage into small pieces until you have about 2 cups of chopped cabbage. Place the cabbage in a large beaker or other glass container and add boiling water to cover the cabbage. Allow at least 10 minutes for the color to leach out of the cabbage. Alternatively, you can place about 2 cups of cabbage in a blender, cover it with boiling water, and blend it.Filter out the plant material to obtain a red-purple-bluish colored liquid. This liquid is at about pH 7. The exact color you get depends on the pH of the water.Pour about 50–100 mL of your red cabbage indicator into each 250 mL beaker.Add various household solutions to your indicator until it changes color. Use separate containers for each household solution—you dont want to mix chemicals that dont go well together. Red Cabbage pH Indicator Colors pH 2 4 6 8 10 12 Color Red Purple Violet Blue Blue-Green Greenish Yellow Tips and Safety This demo uses acids and bases, so use safety goggles and gloves, particularly when handling strong acids (HCl) and strong bases (NaOH or KOH). Chemicals used in this demo may be safely washed down the drain with water. You can conduct a neutralization experiment using a cabbage juice indicator. First, add an acidic solution such as vinegar or lemon, then juice until a reddish color is obtained. Add baking soda or antacids to return the pH to a neutral 7. You can make your own pH paper strips using a red cabbage indicator. Take filter paper (or coffee filter) and soak it in a concentrated red cabbage juice solution. After a few hours, remove the paper and allow it to dry (hang it by a clothespin or string). Cut the filter into strips and use them to test the pH of various solutions. To test a sample, place a drop of liquid on the test strip. Dont dip the strip in the liquid because youll get cabbage juice in it. An example of a basic solution is laundry soap. Examples of common acids include lemon juice and vinegar.

Life in the 1950s compared to Today - 1979 Words

Life today is very fast-paced. Everyone is in a hurry to get somewhere and will push you out of the way to get there, like its some kind of race. In our personal lives, we have our cell phones, and maybe a home phone, scheduled play dates for our kids, microwaves, satellite TV, home security systems that dont involve dogs, solar landscape lighting, automatic underground sprinkler systems for our lawns, and compact fluorescent lights to replace the incandescent bulbs that waste energy. In the business world, you have meetings that you can attend by using a video phone, PowerPoint presentations to help you get your point across at the meetings you cant get out of, instant messaging to speak to clients and other businesses around the†¦show more content†¦Life in the 1950s was a lot more simple, without all the complications brought about by todays fast pace. I could imagine myself being a Soda Jerk while I worked my way through college to be an accountant, a mechanical engineer, or an architect; all of which are very respectable career choices, and can be done without an over-abundance of technology. I could also see myself in the middle of an episode of Leave it to Beaver, or Dobie Gillis, and I suppose thats an accurate portrayal of the way life was supposed to be in 1950s suburbia, but only in suburbia. Back to my parents. My parents were raised in a completely different environment than the typical suburbia family. Mom grew up in Missouri on a farm, and Dad grew up in different parts of Arkansas going from place to place to pick whatever was in season to make a buck. How they ended up in Michigan, I dont know for sure, but you can bet that life was a lot different for them than it was for the Cleaver family. Whereas I have focused my life on technology, I could see myself living like that. I like the simple things as well as the complexity of a technologically advanced society. If I had grown up in that same time period, I wouldnt know of what exists today. Technology as a determining factor in the path my life takes, wouldnt exist. 9-11, Katrina, the Tsunami, the Department of Homeland Security, both Gulf Wars, Hip Hop; none would exist. I would have grown up in aShow MoreRelatedRacial Feelings Of Chicago, Illinois1643 Words   |  7 PagesRacial feelings in Chicago, Illinois are very similar today to how they were in the 1950s. The Younger family from Lorraine Hansberry’s A Raisin in the Sun was the epitome of a lower class, black family during that time. They dealt with the hardships of never having enough money and losing family happiness due to their lack of wealth. Modern-day Chicago can easily be compared to Chicago from the mid 1900s because of the ever-growing amount of poor blacks and the poverty riven African-American neighborhoodsRead MoreThe Catcher in the Rye is about a teenage boy named Holden Caulfield who doesn’t exactly fit in600 Words   |  3 Pagesmost things. Hold did not belong in the 1940’s idea of a perfect society. But, would Holden Caulfield fit in to today’s society? Holden Caulfield would be more critical of today’s society. Holden would have many more prejudices today, but would still be accepted into today’s society because of a diversified society from the 1950’s to the 2010’s. Holden has many criticisms, about everything. The goal of the 1950’s was to live a happy and successful life. Everyone wanted to obtain the â€Å"American Dream†Read MoreThe Life Of The 1950 S Essay1202 Words   |  5 PagesThe 1950’s were considered to be a time where life was full of bliss, who wouldn’t want to be untroubled? Life in the 1950’s was simple and structured, and now it seems as though the â€Å"Happy days† have disappeared. The 1950’s are considered â€Å"The Happy Days† because life was so well put together back then and now, it seems, it has all fallen apart. The 1950 TV shows, like Leave it to Beaver, has the American society believing that life was â€Å"perfect†. Seeing the shows makes one imagine that the familyRead MoreThe 1950s and 1960s: A Time of Great Changes Shaping the America We Have Today1006 Words   |  5 PagesWhen most people think of the 1950’s or 1960’s, they think of Elvis, Greasers, jukeboxes, Woodstock, and rainbow peace signs and hippie love. Although these symbols are somewhat accurate (and very popular), not many people think about the changes society and culture went through. The 1950’s and 60’s were a time of great change and freedom for many Americans. Everything from World War II, to the gay liberation movement, to the Civil Rights Act of 1964 helped to change society. Many of the viewsRead MoreRacism Of Chicago : The 1950 S1737 Words   |  7 PagesRacism in Chicago: The 1950’s to Today Today we live in a society where it is acceptable for a white and black family to be neighbors, even close friends. This situation has not always been the case. During the 1950’s, the time that the Younger family was living in Chicago, whites and blacks were living completely separate lives and a majority of the blacks were living in poverty. Although there are significant improvements we have made, there are still things that remain the same. Many AfricanRead MoreWomens Roles in Television1098 Words   |  5 Pages√Over the last 60 years may things have changedÍ ¾ technology, traditions, culture, and of course the way a female is seen in eyes around the world. Television itself dates back to the 1920’s (these television sets were extremely limited during these years). In 1950, only 9 percent of American households had a television set, but by the 1960 the figure had reached 90 percent. During this time, women were introduced in a completely diverted way then a male actor. Women took stereotypical rolesRead MoreImportant Changes in the Political, Social and Economic Life in the UK1314 Words   |  6 PagesImportant Changes in the Political, Social and Economic Life in the UK There have been significant changes in political social and economic life in the UK over the last 50 years with particular reference to identity and the resulting ordering of our lives in terms of family, work and welfare together with the resulting impact on our health. Within the themes of structure and agency, uncertainty and diversity together with knowledge and knowing, this essay explores the Read MoreThe Growth Of A New Zealand Family Essay1553 Words   |  7 Pageschildren even include animals, toys and other things in their family. Over the last 50 years, the concept of family has undergone significant change. These changes have shifted from what used to be considered a â€Å"traditional family† to what we see more of today, which includes a decline in marriages, development in relationships outside marriage, single parent/step and blended families, and now, society is even becoming more accepting of same-sex relationships. It is fair to say, that as a contemporary societyRead MoreAn African American Family Struggles with Racism in A Raisin in the Sun by by Lorraine Hansberry 933 Words   |  4 Pages A Raisin in the Sun was written by Lorraine Hansberry and is a play about an African American family who are struggling in the 1950’s to keep the family together. Although the play is portraye d in the 50’s many issues like the economy, racism, and family dynamics the characters had to face; these issues are still issues in the 21st century. â€Å"So money is life... things have changed†- Mama Pg. 75. In the quote Mama is surprised that money has the power to make or break the world; and more importantlyRead MoreEssay The Creation of Modern Dating1271 Words   |  6 PagesA quote taken John McKeon which served as a very accurate representation of teenage life and culture in the 50’s. But, of course, the teenagers didn’t care about the rules in this decade, especially in North America. With newfound freedom from an economic boom after WWII which didn’t require teenagers to work anymore, teenagers, with a lot more free time, did all sort of things like listen to â€Å"rock n’ roll† and â€Å"bop† or go dating or adoring black rock stars, all of which were considered â€Å"rebellious†

Wednesday, May 13, 2020

The History and Origin of Aerosol Spray Cans

An  aerosol  is a  colloid  of fine  solid  particles or  liquid  droplets, in the air or another  gas.  Aerosols can be natural or artificial.  Frederick G. Donnan  presumably first used the term  aerosol  during  World War I  to describe an aero-solution, clouds of microscopic particles in the air. Origins The concept of an aerosol originated as early as 1790 when self-pressurized carbonated beverages were introduced in France. In 1837, a man called Perpigna invented a soda siphon incorporating a valve. Metal spray cans were being tested as early as 1862. They were constructed from heavy steel and were too bulky to be commercially successful. In 1899, inventors Helbling and Pertsch patented aerosols pressurized using methyl and ethyl chloride as propellants. Erik Rotheim On November 23, 1927, Norwegian engineer Erik Rotheim (also spelled Eric Rotheim) patented the first aerosol can and valve that could hold and dispense products and propellant systems. This was the forerunner of the modern aerosol can and valve. In 1998, the Norwegian post office issued a stamp celebrating the Norwegian invention of the spray can. Lyle Goodhue and William Sullivan During World War II, the U.S. government funded research into a portable way for servicemen to spray malaria-carrying bugs. Department of Agriculture researchers, Lyle Goodhue and William Sullivan, developed a small aerosol can be pressurized by a liquefied gas (a fluorocarbon) in 1943. It was their design that made products like hair spray possible, along with the work of another inventor Robert Abplanalp. Robert Abplanalp - Valve Crimp In 1949, 27-year-old Robert H. Abplanalp’s invention of a crimp on valve enabled liquids to be sprayed from a can under the pressure of an inert gas. Spray cans, mainly containing insecticides, were available to the public in 1947 as a result of their use by U.S. soldiers for preventing insect-borne diseases. Abplanalp’s invention made of lightweight aluminum made the cans a cheap and practical way to dispense liquids foams, powders, and creams. In 1953, Robert Abplanalp patented his crimp-on valve for dispensing gases under pressure. His Precision Valve Corporation was soon earning over $100 million manufacturing one billion aerosol cans annually in the United States and one-half billion in 10 other countries. In the mid-1970s, concern over the use of fluorocarbons adversely affecting the ozone layer drove Abplanalp back into the lab for a solution. Substituting water-soluble hydrocarbons for the damaging fluorocarbons created an environmentally friendly aerosol can that did not harm the environment. This put the manufacture of the aerosol spray can products into high gear. Robert Abplanalp invented both the first clog-free valve for spray cans and the Aquasol or pump spray, which used water-soluble hydrocarbons as the propellant source. Spray Paint in a Can In 1949, canned spray paint was invented by Edward Seymour, the first paint color was aluminum. Edward Seymours wife Bonnie suggested the use of an aerosol can be filled with paint. Edward Seymour founded Seymour of Sycamore, Inc. of Chicago, USA, to manufacture his spray paints.

Inventory And Quality Management Supply Chain Management

INVENTORY AND QUALITY MANAGEMENT IN SUPPLY CHAIN In supply chain inventory and quality management play a prominent role that helps to meet the demand for products in supply chain. Here customer service is important variable which is becomes the reason for development of any industry or organization. Level of customer service has particular objectives particularly reaching organizational goals and demand of customer in time. Supply chain management key objective is to fulfill the customer demands within the promised time that specific objective has great demand in present market. A supply chain management strategy involves maintaining quality in products that are delivered to the customer in time. Quality is one the important objectives of supply chain management because customer expects quality in products and has to be delivered as per the requirement of the customers. Therefore we can assume that there will be cost for transporting products of various kinds of products that might be helpful in deducing costs between customer ser vice and service cost. As long as inventory tends to facilitate customer service and a cost of inventory develops, therefore losing of customer and sales gradually decreases. The objective of inventory management is to develop coordination between customer service and inventory costs and applying objectives to quality management is not so easy in present market. ELEMENTS OF INVENTORY MANAGEMENT Inventory means produced items that are stored in aShow MoreRelatedSupply Chains and Inventory Management Essay1155 Words   |  5 PagesSupply Chain and Inventory Management December 6, 2008 Supply Chain and Inventory Management With the increased globalization, competition and complexity in global supply chains, more companies have realized that supply chain management is critical to the optimal organizations overall operation. It is no longer just the responsibility of the warehouse manager and logistics director (Pundir, 2008 and Wharton). In the past, many organizations didn’t manage their supply chains they left thatRead MoreBus 430 Assignment 2: Inventory Management1369 Words   |  6 PagesBUS 430 Assignment 2: Inventory Management BUS 430 Assignment 2: Inventory Management Assignment 2: Inventory Management Due Week 8 and worth 300 points Research two (2) manufacturing or two (2) service companies that manage inventory and complete this assignment. Write a six to eight (6-8) page paper in which you: 1. Determine the types of inventories these companies currently manage and describe their essentialRead MoreSupply Chain Management Is A Process Which Requires Precise1366 Words   |  6 PagesSupply chain management is a process which requires precise efficiency for smooth business practice. Efficient supply chain management can separate companies within an industry and deliver impressive results with net positive effects. The theme of supply chain management requires the effective use of assets to satisfy customer needs. Components include, the flow of goods, the transportation of products, labor usage, warehouse/inventory management, aggregate planning, and etc. Given recent technologyRead MoreQuiz Questions On Supply Chain Management1170 Words   |  5 PagesQuiz 1 Supply chain management Supply chain management: It is defined as effective control of flow of material, information and finance in a network consisting of suppliers, manufacturers, distributors and customers. Schematic representation: Effective functioning of supply chain requires †¢ Coordination: proper coordination should exist in supply chain to meet the demands of the customers at right time, right place with right quality †¢ Collaboration: there should be proper collaboration betweenRead MoreGeneral Motors Supply Chain Essay1574 Words   |  7 PagesIntroduction Over the years, the U. S. auto industrys market has been experiencing fluctuations due to many reasons including: price, quality and foreign competition. General Motors Corporation (GM) which had been the leading car and truck manufacturer had been experiencing declining market share and facing stiff competition from both U.S manufacturers and foreign imports such as the Asian auto producers that included Toyota, Honda and Nissan. The main reason for increased foreign competition wasRead More Supply Chain Management Essay867 Words   |  4 PagesSupply Chain Management According to our class text Supply Chain Management’s goal is to create fast, efficient, and low-cost network of business relationships to get a company’s product from concept to market. In order to understand the goal we must know that the supply chain is the process the raw materials of a product go through in order to be available to the consumer. The relationships that the business creates are needed in order to create the product, each process the product goesRead MoreProduction Planning And Inventory Control1520 Words   |  7 PagesProduction Planning and Inventory Control Processes covers manufacturing, storage, and related areas. Specifically, the production planning controls the designing and management of the entire airplane manufacturing processes input material scheduling and acquisition, manufacturing, design, and material handling. The inventory control is on the design and management of storage procedures for the raw materials inputs in the airplane m anufacturing processes, work-in-progress inventories, and final productsRead MoreInventory Management1524 Words   |  7 PagesThe Role of Inventory in the Supply Chain.’ $1.6 billion, it is an estimation of manufacturers’ and trade inventories in the United States in august 2012 (according to the US Department of Commerce). Inventory represents a significant part of company budgets. They are costly and can be risky, but the company spend a lot of money in inventories because they also provide some security for businesses. But what is exactly the role of inventory? Why it is required and what is its purposeRead MoreHow Does Dell Manage Inventory Within Its Supply Chain? Essay1445 Words   |  6 PagesHow does Dell manage inventory within its supply chain? Supply chain consist of the series of activities that controls the flow of materials and information through operations to the end-user (Greasley 2013). There is also a people element to the supply chain – customers and employees (Elliott 2016). As materials are an integral part of the supply chain, inventory management is part of the supply chain management. Inventory management can be defined as the process of efficiently overseeing the constantRead MoreTarget Chain Of Target Supply Chain1498 Words   |  6 PagesTarget’s Supply Chain Target Corporation is the fourth largest retailer in the United States. The company operates 1,556 stores in 47 states. The company has three main retail divisions: Target Stores, Mervyn’s and Marshall Fields. Target Stores is the number two discount retailer in the country, trailing only Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. they have distinguished itself from its competitors by offering upscale, fashion-conscious products at affordable prices (Funding Universe, n.d.). Targets supply chain actives

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Healthcare Health Insurance and Fraud E. Ethical Free Essays

Fraud, Waste and Abuse in the Medicare System: A Proactive Approach Course Project Outline Team A: The Prairie State Bulls Julie GIldemeister Elena Hallars Teresa O’Brien Latia Phelps Laura Wimberley HSM 546 Health Insurance and Managed Care Vernice Johnson-Warren Keller Graduate School of Business Management March 17, 2013 Synopsis We propose to discuss the problem of fraud, waste and abuse in Medicare and Medicaid from the viewpoint of a board of directors of a community healthcare system. We agree that a proactive course of action, while initially more expensive, will result in a far better outcome for the system, its providers, and its patients. It will lead to better relations not only with the government but also with our commercial MCO plans. We will write a custom essay sample on Healthcare: Health Insurance and Fraud E. Ethical or any similar topic only for you Order Now This issue will be addressed on several fronts: legislative loopholes, weaknesses in electronic technology, ethical lapses on the part of providers, and enforcement failures. I. Executive Summary A. Environment B. Rules and regulations of Medicare and Medicaid C. Healthcare Reform Legislation D. Problems with Fraud E. Ethical Considerations of Fraud II. Problem Statement A. Fraud, waste and abuse in the Medicare and Medicaid system B. Legislative loopholes C. Weaknesses in electronic medical records D. Ethical lapses in providers E. Common errors in billing and coding F. Enforcement failures III. Literature Review A. Course text B. Fraud, waste and abuse of Medicare/Medicaid funds C. IT and EMR issues D. Ethical training of providers E. Enforcement failures IV. Problem Analysis A. Identification of opportunities for fraud in a healthcare system B. Enforcement of Medicare/Medicaid claims reporting regulations C. Counteracting or preventing a climate of fraud waste and abuse V. Solutions and Implementation A. Streamlining enforcement efforts B. Tightening IT loopholes C. Creating provider incentives for responsible behavior in coding and billing D. Pattern review and claims review to catch trends indicative of fraud, waste or abuse VI. Justification A. Cost of fraud, waste and abuse, especially in Medicare claims reclamation processes B. Cost of failure to comply with rules and regulations C. Improvement in facility/provider/payer relations D. Improvement in cash flow and claims payment E. Improvement in patient and community relations VII. Conclusion VIII. References Aldhizer III, G. R. (2009). Medicare and Medicaid Fraud and Errors: A Ticking Time Bomb That Must be Defused. Journal Of Government Financial Management, 58(4), 12-20. Boerner, C. M. (2010). 60 Minutes Story on Medicare Fraud. Journal Of Health Care Compliance, 12(1), 29-65. Dietz, D. K. , Snyder, H. 2007). Internal control differences between community health centers that did or did not experience fraud. Research In Healthcare Financial Management, 11(1), 91-102. Evans, R. D. , Porche, D. A. (2005). The nature and frequency of medicare/medicaid fraud and neutralization techniques among speech, occupational, and physical therapists. Deviant Behavior, 26(3), 253-270. doi:10. 1080/01639620590915167. Hambleton, M. (2011). Los Angeles Health Care Fraud Prevention Summit: Moving from a Sickness to Wellness Model of Compliance. Journal Of Health Care Compliance,13(1), 19-24. Hoppel, A. M. (2012). Career Code Red. (Cover story). Clinician Reviews, 22(10), 1-8. Kongstvedt, P. R. (2007). Essentials of Managed Health Care (5th ed). Sudbury, MA: Jones Bartlett. Moses, R. E. , Jones, D. (2011). Physician Assistants in Health Care Fraud: Vicarious Liability. Journal Of Health Care Compliance, 13(2), 51-75. Robin, D. W. , Gershwin, R. J. (2010). RAC Attack—Medicare Recovery Audit Contractors: What Geriatricians Need to Know. Journal Of The American Geriatrics Society, 58(8), 1576-1578. oi:10. 1111/j. 1532-5415. 2010. 02974. x Sparrow, M. K. (2008). Fraud in the U. S. Health-Care System: Exposing the Vulnerabilities of Automated Payments Systems. Social Research, 75(4), 1151-1180. Steinhoff, J. C. (2008). FORENSIC AUDITING: A Window to Identifying and Combating Fraud, Waste and Abuse. Journal Of Government Financial Management, 57(2), 10-15. Thorpe, N. , Deslich, S. , Sikula, S. , Coustasse, A. (2012). Co mbating Medicare Fraud: A Struggling Work In Progress. Franklin Business Law Journal, 2012(4), 95-107. How to cite Healthcare: Health Insurance and Fraud E. Ethical, Papers

Help Seeking Behavior Health And Social Care Essay Free Essays

string(78) " group from Shahpur block and 2nd one from non rubeolas Nagrota Bagwan block\." Two reported eruptions of rubeolas in extremely immunized hilly countries were investigated under two bomber centres, viz. , Sailli and Sarah. In Sailli, the entire figure of instances were 51 with overall attack rate-6 % ; ( Sex Specific AR-male 12 % while female 7 % ) 4 ; and in Sarah there were 18 instances in all with overall onslaught rate as 4. We will write a custom essay sample on Help Seeking Behavior Health And Social Care Essay or any similar topic only for you Order Now 2 % ; ( Sex specific AR-male 6.94 % and the female 7.2 % ) 5. All the instance patients belonged to 5 old ages plus age group ( Range being 5 old ages to 17 old ages ) during the period from September to November, 2006. The last reported eruption of rubeolas in the block was 8-9 old ages ago. During the same period no such eruptions were reported from any other blocks within the territory. Hence, a survey was undertaken with the aims ; ( 1 ) To depict the aid seeking behaviour of female parents of kids with and without rubeolas and the factors associated with it and ( 2 ) To urge appropriate remedial steps to forestall and command farther eruptions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: For this survey an in-depth reappraisal of the literature on the aid seeking behaviour of female parents and subsequent factors associated with rubeolas eruptions enabled choice of specific issues/factors. Many factors are reported to be associated with rubeolas such as geographically hard hilly countries, hapless socio-economic strata with unemployment ; marginalized subdivisions like scheduled castes/tribes ; illiteracy, overcrowding, beneficiary related issues like aid seeking behaviour of female parents ; community/mothers ‘ beliefs and barriers of people seeking health/help from the local chelllas/quacks/village elders/relatives/ neighbours/ /friends6. ( A ) Study design: A comparative survey. ( B ) Study period: 14th Nov. , to 14th Feb. , 2008. ( C ) Study country: Sub centres Sailli and Sarah, Shahpur block ( Measles outbreak Exposed ) and sub centres Mallan and Samloti of Nagrota Bagwan ( Measles not exposed ) block of territory Kangra which are more or less likewise placed. ( D ) Study population: Community members for Focus Group Discussions and female parents of kids ( from 5 old ages to 17 old ages ) with and without rubeolas of bomber centres Sailli and Sarah, Shahpur block ( Exposed ) and sub Centres Mallan and Samloti of Nagrota Bagwan comparative ( Non exposed ) block of territory Kangra. ( Tocopherol ) Sample size: Community members for 4 Focus Group Discussions ( FGD ) with ( two FGDs-one male and 2nd female ) for instances. One FGD consists of 20 males and likewise, 2nd one with 20 females individually under Shahpur block and equal Numberss of FGDs for comparing under Nagrota Bagwan block ; and all female parents of entire 69 instance patients of two eruptions in the Shahpur block with exposure to rubeolas ( 5 old ages to 17 old ages with average 9 old ages ) in survey country with equal number-age and sex matched in comparative Nagrota Bagwan block were taken while the population features were the same. ( F ) Operational definitions of Measless: WHO definition: We defined a instance as the happening of febrility with roseola with or without cough ; rhinitis and pinkeye in a occupant of the small towns under bomber Centres Sailli and Sarah of Shahpur block ( Kangra ) between 1st September to 30th November 2006. ( G ) Data aggregation technique and tools: Study squad: Beneficiary related issues: We carried out an appraisal of aid seeking behaviour of female parents of instances and female parents of age and sex matched controls in comparative block utilizing Focus Group Discussions ( FGDs ) and in-depth interviews of all female parents of entire 69 instance patients with exposure to rubeolas in survey and comparative blocks. For this exercising, we constituted two squads of wellness workers. In each squad, there were six wellness workers ; three males and three females and they were supervised by two male wellness supervisors. The whole squad was trained and supervised by two senior medical officers. This procedure was carried out by interviews utilizing check list of inquiries and interview agenda utilizing qualitative standardised questionnaire. We besides compared the responses for four FGDs and in-depth qualitative interviews of all female parents of entire 69 instance patients of two eruptions in survey Shahpur and comparative Nagrota Bagwan blocks. We sought and obtained clearance from ethical commission from National Institute of Epidemiology, Chennai. We analyzed the informations by MS-excel sheet, Stat calc and utilizing Epi info version 3.3.2. Consequence: Brief description of both countries: Topographically and demographically, both blocks are more or less likewise placed. Both the survey blocks are hilly situated at the height of 2600 pess to 2900 pess above the sea degree. Population features of both blocks are more or less same. 25-30 % of SC/ST and 4-5 % of ST with 30 % of OBC classs and remainder others constitute the caste constellation. In instance block, we have 36 bomber centres, 5 primary wellness centres, one community wellness Centre with 90 % of the adult male power in place while in comparative block, 38 bomber Centres, 5 primary wellness Centres and two community wellness Centres with 95 % of human resource in place. Beneficiaries related issues: Distribution of baseline features in the survey group: Age: The average age of the instance and comparative groups kids was 9 old ages while mean was 9.6 and the manner was 6 ( scope being 5-17years ) , as the survey was matched for age and sex merely. So, out of 69 instances, 35 ( 51 % ) instance group and comparative group were ?9 old ages and 34 ( 49 % ) kids were A ; gt ; 9years of age. Sexual activity: The proportion of the males in instances and controls were high 43 ( 62.3 % ) while those of the females were 26 ( 37.7 % ) . Religion: All instance and comparative groups were belonging to Hindu faith. Type of household: Merely 45 instances ( 65.2 % ) and 49 ( 71.0 % ) were holding the atomic households. The cultural epidemiology and aid seeking behaviour of female parents of kids in Shahpur and Nagrota Bagwan blocks were assessed with ( I ) Focus Group Discussions and ( two ) for in-depth qualitative interviews, we recruited all 69 female parents for entire instance patients and equal Numberss in 1st comparative group from Shahpur block and 2nd one from non rubeolas Nagrota Bagwan block. You read "Help Seeking Behavior Health And Social Care Essay" in category "Essay examples" They were exposed to the selected variables for cognizing socio-economic position ; the community every bit good as the personal beliefs/barriers of the female parents of the affected and non affected countries coupled with cognition, attitude and pattern ; clip and distance from wellness attention installation ; attitude towards the heath system variables etc. In the Shahpur/Nagrota Bagwan blocks, 20 females and 20 males from the different nearby small towns participated in each block. The educational degrees of the females participants in Shahpur/Nagrota Bagwan blocks varied from nonreaders ( 24/8 in figure ) ; 5th criterion ( 10/6 ) ; Middle criterion ( 4/10 ) Matric criterion ( 2/16 ) while those of the males participants fluctuated from nonreaders ( 14/6 in figure ) ; 5th criterion ( 16/12 ) ; Middle criterion ( 2/10 ) ; Matric criterion ( 6/10 ) to Graduate ( 2/2 ) . In Shahpur block, the two groups of the participants had a sum of 43 ( 40 three ) kids, out of which 15 have suffered from rubeolas. All the kids were immunized against rubeolas. In Nagrota Bagwan block, the two groups of the participants had a sum of 36 ( 30 six ) kids, out of which six have suffered from rubeolas. All the kids were immunized against rubeolas. From the above noted four FGDs ( 40 males and 40 females ) and in-depth qualitative interviews, ( 69 female pare nts of instance block and 69 female parents of comparative block ) , we concluded the undermentioned critical points from all the respondents of both blocks. In Shahpur and Nagrota Bagwan blocks, rubeolas is locally known as Dharrssali largely, ( 80 % ) followed by less known as Chhotti mata ( 15 % ) and the least as Bodri ( 5 % ) . For bodily experience of rubeolas, 95 % respondents in Shahpur block have the personal experience in over 5 old ages of age but 25 % respondents in Nagrota Bagwan block do non hold the bodily experience of rubeolas outbreak in the country. All rubeolas related information has been largely heard or got from other beginnings. On aetiologic standing, 68 % respondents under Shahpur block property rubeolas to the expletive of goddess-Mata Ka vardaan hei and hence no flight path while the 55 % respondents in Nagrota Bagwan block grade contagion-chhoot is the causative factor. For wellness ( aid ) seeking behaviour of female parents, bulk ( 68 % ) of the respondents under Shahpur block spell by the established community belief and barrier that the free traditional intervention by faith therapists who recites mantras and Vannan shrubs motion on the organic structure and face of the instance patient for three to five yearss ; followed by 12 % by small town elders/neighbors/friends/relatives and in conclusion, if needed, confer withing physicians in the nearby wellness attention installations. 85 % of the people of the instance country go for the traditional therapists. The cost of intervention scopes from nil to Rs.350/- for Shahpur block whereas that of Nagrota Bagwan block, it is Rs. 200/- to Rs. 1200/- merely. 59 % of the respondents in Nagrota Bagwan block prefer modern system of intervention. For the inoculation of the kids, they have to go as long hilly distance as over 6-10 kilometers on pes devouring 3/4th hr to 2 and ? hr for nearest available wellness attention installation with long waiting clip in uncertainness. For the first aid when their kid falls badly, as per their community/mothers ‘ beliefs, Shahpur block chiefly goes for faith therapists but the minority educated females ( 18 % ) from immature coevals insist for allopathic intervention while Nagrota Bagwan block respondents ( 65 % ) opts for authorities wellness attention installations but the minority older coevals ( 14 % ) still advocates for religion healing. Nutritional attention to the Dharrssali ( Measles ) afflicted kid is given in the signifier of restricted diet, Saunfi Banaksha, illaychi, decoction made of Gur ( Local autochthonal intervention expression ) . Seul ( Heat emancipating comestible ) should be given in copiousness and smoke Sarson ( Mustard seeds ) is blown under the fingerstall of the patient and the fried points be avoided. As a follow up patterns in the station recovery stage from unwellness, 58 % respondents from Shahpur block invoke the approvals of the goddess Sheetla. 69 % respondents acknowledge the visit of the local wellness worker one time in a month while in Nagrota Bagwan block, 74 % female parents confirms the frequence of visit of worker as twice in a month. For immunisation, 85 % respondents in instance block and 90 % in 2nd block go for inoculation in their several bomber Centres at the age of nine months to one twelvemonth. It is 100 % female parents all the manner who take kids to the Centre for inoculation. Protective value of vitamin A supplementation has been emphasized by 45 % respondents from Nagrota Bagwan block. 94 % of the respondents for instance block have indicated their pick Centre for immunisation and wellness seeking patterns for the common complaints in the center of small town which should be easy accessible with regular handiness of the worker at bomber Centre Sailli. Discussion: Our survey consequences need to be interpreted in context of the major factor, viz. donees ‘ related issues. The consequences of FGDs in two countries suggest difference in two countries with regard to knowledge sing cause of rubeolas, aid seeking behaviour, intervention and follow-up patterns. Illiteracy and cognition are complimentary. Added with beliefs and barriers in the present survey, many important factors like geographically hard hilly countries, nonreader female parents, marginalized subdivisions like scheduled castes/tribes ; poorness etc are more inclined towards traditional unscientific lines in footings of cause and consequence. Measles is locally known as Dharrssali. Shahpur block hypothesize the generation of rubeolas as expletive of goddess despite high immunisation coverage in the countries. Mahapatro M et Al observed that bhattara tribal adult females believe that rubeolas ( gundi ) and varicella ( maa ) occur due to the wrath of the Goddess ( thakurani ) on the patient, they visit the ‘desari ‘ instead than a medical practitioner7. More crowded instances of rubeolas are at that place due to their individual roomed adjustment and poorness in instance block. For the first aid when their kid falls badly, as per their community /mothers beliefs, Shahpur block chiefly goes for free of cost religion therapists. A good ball of female parents of the instance country go for the traditional intervention merely because of poorness and illiteracy in the country coupled with stiff personal and community beliefs The other grounds may be ill-mannered behaviour of wellness suppliers with hard handiness and handiness of the wellness suppliers with long waiting clip in uncertainness. The cost of intervention is non easy low-cost for Shahpur block. Jagrati V et Al observed that besides economic barriers, the other 1s are hapless agencies of transit and long distances8. Nutritional attention to the Dharrssali afflicted kid is given in the sign ifier of restricted diet, Saunfi Banaksha, illaychi, decoction made of Gur. Seul ( Heat emancipating comestible ) should be given in copiousness and smoke Sarson ( Mustard seeds ) is blown under the fingerstall of the patient which eases rubeolas roseola to break out shortly. Avoid the fried points. Restricted nutrient with Seul rich diet during rubeolas was more operable in instance block. Belief barriers like nutrient and fruit turning away farther enhances vitamin A lack. The badness and continuance of unwellness were less in Shahpur instance block with vitamin A supplementation. Vitamin A supplementation has the protective function in cut downing the morbidity and mortality during the rubeolas outbreaks9. Mayfong Mayxay et Al recorded that the proportion of parents who practiced nutrient turning away behaviour was higher in the group with measles10 which agree with our survey consequences. The community ailment beliefs are more powerful in instance block like bulks of respondent s in Shahpur block believe that rubeolas has to look one time in life clip owing to the approvals of Sheetla mata-the culprit of the unwellness. As a follow up patterns in the station recovery stage from unwellness, so they invoke the approvals of the goddess Sheetla. On the other manus, population in Nagrota Bagwan block were cognizant of rubeolas as a disease caused by close contact with septic individual, resorted to intervention and followup by qualified physicians at healthcare installation. Mothers in comparative block country had better entree to healthcare installations as compared to instance country. From in deepness interviews it was apparent that though socio-cultural and economic factors were more favourable among comparative group female parents as compared to instance respondents. The surveies by Ratho RK11 et Al, VK Desai et al12, Murray M and Rasmussen Z13, Jagvir Singh et al14, R. F. Grais et al15 and Munesh SK et al16 support our observations. Restrictions: Recall prejudice could hold occurred with regard to remembrance of immunisation of the kids of the both survey countries. However, the prejudice could use to both survey countries. So the prejudice would be non derived function. Decision: -Majorities of the female parents with or without rubeolas in the hills seek traditional first aid ( such as intervention seeking and follow-up patterns of female parents ) during unwellness to quacks/chelas/faith therapists on history of hapless socio-cultural, economic factors ; myths and misconceptions ; malformed beliefs and barriers. -Distant and hard entree to healthcare installation in geographically tough countries is besides one of precipitating factors. Recommendations: Aggressive Information, Education and Communication ( IEC ) activities should be addressed towards modifying the aid seeking behaviour of female parents in the territory, particularly in the rubeolas affected countries. It has to be targeted and boosted for economic and societal behavioural alteration instead than informing the community. The duty has to be shared both by wellness suppliers, wellness searchers and community. Access to wellness attention installation needs to be improved through proviso of nomadic services on a regular basis in the distant countries. How to cite Help Seeking Behavior Health And Social Care Essay, Essay examples

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Essay on No Smoking Day

Question: Write an essay on health promotion "Essay on No Smoking Day"? Answer: This particular essay is concentrating on a recent health promotion No Smoking Day: 11th Marchthe day you start to stop for the people of East Lancashire (, 2015). It is the fact that Smoking habit is treacherous for health. There are several aspects that clarify the need for quit of smoking habit. Through this promotional campaign, it exemplifies how individual people will be benefitted by quitting smoking. The promotional campaign is tried to incorporate motivation theory inherently. Here, the main aim of this promotional campaign is to remind individual how quit of smoking habit, can really help them through the tough time. This indicates that the promotional campaign is trying to raise awareness, which supports a social change in the long run (PHE), 2015). The policy regarding no smoking not only helps to get healthier life but also a wealthier too. As per the campaign, it is noted that after one day of quitting smoking, an individual will have 8.50 pound, through which he or she can rent two movie or can downloaded a new album. At the same time, a one month break from smoking helps individual to save near about 255 pound, with which he or she can buy a Premiership football tickets or can arrange a weekend break (Keshavarz, 2013). On the other hand, as far health is concerned, it can be said that quitting smoking habit supports individual to improve heart rate as well as blood pressure level. Not only has that, this also helps to improve the breathing habits, which ultimately reduces the risk related to coronary heart disease. There is a range of polices related to smoking that this promotional campaign tired to explore within the community. Through this campaign, the NHS foundation trust aims to provide behavioral support as well as access to treatment. They have provided ring for service with specifying two numbers: 01772 644474 for Central Lancashire and 01254 283370 for East Lancashire. At the same time they have started a free phone service 0800 328 6297 (, 2015). It is the fact that while considering the wider determinant of health, there is requiring identifying three major aspects such as the social and economic environment, the physical environment and the individual behavioral aspect. Now, if the smoking is considered in the context of social and economic environment, then it can be said that there are a list of aspects an individual can experience. First of all, due to the smoking habit, people will have limited social support. This will ultimately affect the income level of that particular person. At the same time, this also leads to low educational opportunities. In this context, it is noted that there is a strong relation exists between smoking and depression. Both epidemiological as well as clinical studies have shown that the posttraumatic stress disorder or the PTSD is mainly occurring due to smoking habits (Klausner, 2011). Again, if the environmental aspect is being considered here, then it can be said that Action on Smoking and Health (ASH) has followed a fact sheet, which explains that each and every year, 2.6 billion kilograms carbon di oxides has been released on air through smoking (, 2015). At the same time, smoking also releases 5.2 billion kilograms methane each and every year. Deforestation is another aspect of smoking. Keeping these aspects in mind, it can be said that this health promotion to stop smoking habits are very much significant in the perspective of current trends of biostatistics, which remarkably demonstrate that almost fifty lacks people are affected by the posttraumatic stress disorder or the PTSD in the year of 2014. It also explained that if there is no such effective approaches are taken for counteracting this critical situation, the population of older adults, affected by the posttraumatic stress disorder or the PTSD diseases, might reach almost 14 million by the year of 2050 (, 2015). After the various clinical studies, it can also review that there is a strapping connection between cigarette smoking and socio-economic group. Smoking has been recognized as the solitary prevalent source of inequality in death rates among high income and low income people in the UK. Not only has that, this also records for more than half of the differentiation in hazard of untimely loss among communal classes. In this context, it is also evidenced that demise rates from tobacco are remains sufficiently higher position in compared to other hazards aspects that the community evidenced over the time frame (Mantoura, 2012). Long term smoking habits and the various potential symptoms of depression as well as PTSD diseases are very much interrelated. This type of aspects can raise the risk of various fundamental systematic disorders like stroke, traumatic injury of brain, which can simultaneously leads to the possibilities of disorder in the context of the cognitive abilities (Health Promotion International. 2011). There is a list of people as well as authorities engaged to stop this smoking habit. First of all, the NHS foundation tried to implement several policies to reduce smoking through accessing a list of free services. Besides, the Public Health England also introduced tobacco control policies that will also reduce the smoking rate. Another authority named as QUIT also takes preventive steps to stop smoking all over the UK (QUIT, 2015). Thus, it can be said that such systematic health promotion is concerned about some fundamental activities for taking the necessary initiatives for the scientific development of different approaches relating to the healthy behaviour as well as for counteracting the various societal disorders. These fundamental activities are as follows like, development of the outline, on the base of which the various way of promoting the task of initiation regarding the healthy brain through the partnership of the sate as well as national level in the perspective of the relevant road map for the public health, which approaches taken for the five years. It mainly deals with the various kinds of approaches by the help of which, interesting prospect can be represented for the better impact as well as awareness in the older age people regarding the healthy life style as well as various adverse effect of smoking. It also including the various characteristics for the analyzing the essential requirement of the health care provider, who specially deals with stop smoking and develop the relevant management plan. References: (PHE), P., 2015.Local Tobacco Control Profiles for England. [online] Available at: [Accessed 14 Aug. 2015]., 2015.Smoking and health inequalities. [online] Available at: [Accessed 14 Aug. 2015]. Health Promotion International. (2011). Health Promotion International, 26(1), 129-131. doi:10.1093/heapro/dar010 Keshavarz, N. (2013). Health Promotion Thinking, Interpretation and Implementation in Iran: Capacities, and the Way Forward. Health Scope, 2(1), X-X. doi:10.5812/jhs.10642 Klausner, K. (2011). Menthol cigarettes and smoking initiation: a tobacco industry perspective. Tobacco Control, 20(Supplement 2), ii12-ii19. doi:10.1136/tc.2010.041954, 2015.Health Promotion Calendar 2015. [online] Available at: [Accessed 14 Aug. 2015]. Mantoura, P., Potvin, L. (2012). A realist-constructionist perspective on participatory research in health promotion. Health Promotion International, 28(1), 61-72. doi:10.1093/heapro/das037, 2015.10 self-help tips to help you stop smoking - Live Well - NHS Choices. [online] Available at: [Accessed 14 Aug. 2015]. QUIT, 2015.QUIT Get Time Back. [online] Available at: [Accessed 14 Aug. 2015]., 2015.WHO | The determinants of health. [online] Available at: [Accessed 14 Aug. 2015].